Pergeseran Model Pendampingan Penggunaan Media Digital oleh Orangtua pada Anak di Masa Pandemi COVID-19

Syifa Syarifah Alamiyah, Ade Kusuma, Juwito Juwito, Didiek Tranggono

Abstract


As an effort to control and handle COVID-19, the government has issued a school from home (SFH) policy. This policy has forced children to stay at home and carry out learning using digital media. This situation has an impact on increasing the use of digital media and the involvement of parents in children's learning significantly. This study explores the use of digital media in children in Surabaya during the pandemic period and how parents can assist the use of these media. This research uses qualitative methods with in-depth interview techniques. Researchers distributed questionnaires about the use of digital media to 66 parents, and nine parents stated that they were willing to become informants. The results show that in addition to a significant increase in the time to use digital media during the pandemic, the pandemic has also changed the parental assistance and supervision of children. Before the pandemic, the assistance model was carried out more with technical restrictions, in the form of time restrictions, content access, application choices, and the number of data packages (restrictive mediation). However, during a pandemic, the mentoring model was carried out with active mediation through discussions and critical thinking, active together with devices, close surveillance, and monitoring on applications and post online activities (active mediation, co-using, supervision, monitoring). One of the pandemic's positive impacts is the opening of discussion spaces between parents and children, the opportunity to use gadgets together, and opportunities for children and parents to learn digital skills.


Keywords


COVID-19; digital media and children; parental mediation

Full Text:

PDF

References


AAP Council on Communication and Media. (2016). Media and young mind. Pediatrics. 138(5). retrieved from: https://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/pediatrics/138/5/e20162591.full.pdf

Alamiyah S.S., Zamzamy A., Rasyidah, R. (2017). Literacy Media Counseling Program, Increasing Parent Skill on Parental Mediation and Parental Gadget Co-Viewing on Students of Al-Hikmah Suko Sidoarjo. International Seminar of Research Month and Technology in Publication, Implementation and Commercialization. NST Proceedings. pages 369-376.doi: 10.11594/nstp.2018.0154.

Alamiyah S.S., Zamzamy A., Rasyidah, R. (2018). Media literacy program for early childhood teacher to enhance childrencritical thinking skills in Sidoarjo. International Seminar of Research Month Science and Technology for People Empowerment. NST Proceedings. pp 513-519. doi: 10.11594/nstp.2019.0270.

Brito, R., Francisco, R., Dias, P., & Chaudron, S. (2017). Family dynamics in digital homes: the role played by parental mediation in young children's digital practices around 14 European countries. Contemporary Family Therapy. 39. pp. 271-280. doi: 10.1007/s10591-017-9431-0

Cellini, N., Canale, N., Mioni, G, & Costa, S. (2020). Changes in sleep pattern, sense of time and digital media use during COVID-19 lockdown in Italy. J Sleep Res. 2020;29:e13074. https://doi.org/10.1111/jsr.13074

Hendriyani, Hollander, E., d'Haenens, L., & Beentjes, J. (2014). Views on children's media use in Indonesia: Parents children, and teachers. International Communication Gazette. 76(322). doi: 10.1177/1748048514523527

Hendriyani, Hollander, E., d'Haenens, L., & Beentjes, J. (2012). Children's media use in Indonesia. Asian Journal of Communication, 22(3). pp. 304-319. https://eresources.perpusnas.go.id:2116/10.1080/01292986.2012.662514

Indiyati, D.I., Khusnia, H.N., & Chotijah, S. (2020). Media vs kepercayaan publik di masa pandemi. Jcommsci (Journal of Media and Communication Science). 3(special issue). pp. 38-44.

Kirkorian, H.L., Pempek, T.A., Murphy, L.A., Schmidt, M.E., & Anderson, D.R. (2009). The impact on background television on parent-child interaction. Child Development. 8(5) pp. 1350- 1359. retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/26822512_The_Impact_of_Background_Television_on_Parent-Child_Interaction/link/5a1c3ca645851514b5305009/download

Kristianto, B. (2017). Factors affecting social network use by students in Indonesia. Journal of Information Technology Education: Research. 16, pp. 69-103 retrieved from http://www.informingscience.org/Publications/3675

Kusuma, A., & Puspita, R. (2016). Family identity in Indonesian films (interpersonal communications between fathers, who are transgender or transsexual, and their children). International Journal of Soial and Humanity. 6(1). pp. 77-80. doi: 10.7763/IJSSH.2016.V6.662

Lau, E.Y.H., & Lee, K. (2020). Parent's views on young children's distance learning and screen time during Covid-19 class suspension in Hong Kong. Early Education and Development. doi: 10.1080/10409289.2020.1843925

Livari, N., Sharma, S., & Venta-Olkkonen, L. (2020). Digital transformation of everyday life – How Covid-19 pandemic transformed the basic education of the young generation and why information managemet research could care?. International Journal of Information Management, 55(2020), https:??doi.org/10.1016/j.ijinfomgt.2020.102183

Livingstone, S. (2020, Oktober 12). Parenting for a digital future: how hopes and fears about technology shape children's lives. dipresentasikan pada Zoom Webinar Research Round Table Online.

Livingstone, S., & Helsper, E. (2008). Parental mediation and children's Internet use. Journal of broadcasting and electronic media. 52(4). pp. 581-599. doi: 10.1080/08838150802437396

Livingstone, S., & Bober, M. (2004). UK children go online: Surveying the experiences of young people and their parents. Accessed from https://www.york.ac.uk/res/e-society/projects/1/UKCGOsurveyreport.pdf

Miranda, D.M., Athanasio, B.S., Oliveira, A.C.S., & Simoes-e-Silva, A.C. (2020). How is Covid-19 pandemic impacting mental health of children and adolescents? International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. 51(2020). doi: 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2020.101845

Moleong, L. (2005). Metode Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: PT. Remaja Rosdakarya.

Saptyasari, A. (2020, September 22). Pergeseran komunikasi keluarga selama masa pandemi. dipresentasikan pada Zoom Webinar Digital Family: Pergeseran Lanskap Komunikasi Keluarga Selama Di rumah Saja. Departemen Komunikasi UNAIR

Shin, W., & Li, B. (2016). Parental mediation of children's digital technology use in Singapore. Journal of Children and Media. doi: 10.1080/17482798.2016.1203807

Troseth, G.L., Russo, C.E., & Strouse, G.A. (2016). What's next for research on young children's interactive media. Journal of children and Media. 10(1). pp 54-62. doi: 10.1080/17482798.205.1123166

Valcke, M., Bonte, S., Wever, B. De, & Rots, I. (2010). Internet parenting styles and the impact on internet use of primary school children. Journal of Computer and Education. 55(2010) pp. 454-464. doi: 10.1016/j.compedu.2010.02.009

Valkenburg, P.M., Krcmar, M., Peeters, A.L., & Marseille, N.M. (1999). Developing a scale to assess three styles of television mediation: "Instructive mediation," "restrictive mediation", and "social coviewing". Journal of Broadcasting & electronic Media. 43(1). pp. 52-66. doi: 10.1080/08838159909364474

Wai WONG C, TSAI A, Jonas JB, Ohno-Matsui K, CHEN J, ANG M, Wei TING DS, Digital Screen Time During COVID-19 Pandemic: Risk for a Further Myopia Boom?, American Journal of Ophthalmology (2020), doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajo.2020.07.034.

Wiederhold, B. (2020). Children's screen time during the Covid-19 pandemic: boundaries and etiquette. Cyberpsychology, Behaviour, and Social Networking. 6 (3). pp. 359-360. doi: 10.1089/cyber.2020.29185.bkw

Wong, C.A., Ming, D., Maslow, G., et al. (2020). Mitigating the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic response on At-Risk children, Pediatrics. 146(1) e20200973 retrieved from https://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/146/1/e20200973

Wong, C.W., Tsai, A., Jonas, J.B., Ohno-Matsui, K., Chen, J., Ang, M., & Ting, D.S.W. (2020). Digital screen time during covid-19 pandemic: Risk for a further myopia boom?. American Journal of Ophthalmology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajo.2020.07.034




DOI: https://doi.org/10.29303/jcommsci.v4i2.120

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright of Journal of Media and Communication Science

e-ISSN : 2620-8709

p-ISSN : 2655-4410


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

JCommsci accredited by :

JCommsci Indexed by :